Canada is a peaceful country to live in ~ All things considered

Beautiful, breathtaking Canada ~ A Global leader as measured by the Global Peace Index, 2020

Canada has once again placed among the top countries in the world, as measured by the ‘Global Peace Index’. The Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) placed Canada 6th out of 163 countries on its 15th edition of the Global Peace Index. Canada placed 6th in the world in 2019 as well.

Ranking high on the Global Peace Index (GPI) is indicative of Canada’s continued role as a leader on the world stage. The GPI provides insight into Canada’s strong record on environmental, social and governance (ESG) investor criteria, demonstrating that peace and sustainable development are inextricably linked.

Global peacefulness has deteriorated over the past year, with this being the fourth time in the last five years that the world has seen a fall in peacefulness.

The results this year show that the level of global peacefulness deteriorated, with the average country score falling by 0.34 per cent. This is the ninth deterioration in peacefulness in the last twelve years, with 81 countries improving, and 80 recording deteriorations over the past year. The 2020 GPI (Global Peace Index) reveals a world in which the conflicts and crises that emerged in the past decade have begun to abate, only to be replaced with a new wave of tension and uncertainty as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The GPI covers 99.7 per cent of the world’s population, using 23 indicators drawn from highly respected sources which are categorized into three main areas:1) Level of Societal Safety and Security 2) Extent of Ongoing Domestic and International Conflict 3) Degree of Militarization.

This is the 15th edition of the Global Peace Index (GPI), which ranks 163 independent states and territories according to their level of peacefulness. Global Peace Index, 2020

The Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP) is an independent, non-partisan, non-profit think tank dedicated to shifting the world’s focus to peace as a positive, achievable, and tangible measure of human well-being and progress. IEP achieves its goals by developing new conceptual frameworks to define peacefulness; providing metrics for measuring peace; and uncovering the relationships between business, peace and prosperity as well as promoting a better understanding of the cultural, economic and political factors that create peace.Canada is in the top 10 in 2020 again. Iceland remains the most peaceful country in the world, a position it has held since 2008. It is joined at the top of the index by New Zealand, Austria, Portugal, and Denmark.The United States ranks 121 out of the 163 countries indexed.

1) Iceland
2) New Zealand
3) Portugal
4) Austria
5) Denmark
6) Canada
7) Singapore
8) Czechia
9) Japan
10) Switzerland
121) United States of America

Global Affairs Canada’s Peace and Stabilization Operations Program (PSOPs) is the Government of Canada’s principal platform for conflict prevention, stabilization and peace-building in fragile and conflict-affected states (FCAS). PSOPs enables Canada to take rapid and coordinated action to prevent and respond to emerging and ongoing instances of violent conflict and state fragility.

The Peace and Stabilization Operations Program (PSOPs) supports conflict prevention, dialogue, mediation, stabilization, peace-building and post-conflict recovery. (source, Government of Canada)

PSOPs is a centre of expertise to support Canadian engagement in FCAS. The Government of Canada is a world  leader on the implementation of the global Women, Peace and Security agenda. PSOP’s is the foreign policy lead for Canada’s participation in peace operations, with a focus on enhanced engagement with the UN.

PSOPs’ core responsibilities are:

  • providing policy leadership on peace and stabilization, including strategic coordination of Government of Canada responses to complex political crises
  • delivering conflict prevention, stabilization and peace-building initiatives through both projects and deployments

According to the Institute for Economics & Peace, peacefulness has declined 2.5 percent since 2008 with 81 GPI countries recording a deterioration, and 79 improving. Fifteen of the 23 GPI indicators are less peaceful on average in 2020 when compared to 2008.

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region remained the world’s least peaceful. It is home to three of the five least peaceful countries in the world, with no country from the region ranked higher than 27th on the GPI.

Afghanistan is the least peaceful country in the world for the second year in a row, followed by Syria, Iraq, South Sudan and Yemen. All, except Yemen, have been ranked amongst the five least peaceful since at least 2015. Only two of the nine regions in the world became more peaceful over the past year. The greatest improvement occurred in the Russia and Eurasia region, followed by North America.

North America was the only region to record improvements across all three domains, while Russia and Eurasia recorded improvements in ongoing conflict, safety and security, but a deterioration on the Militarization domain.

IEP is headquartered in Sydney, with offices in New York, The Hague, Mexico City, Brussels and Harare. It works with a wide range of partners internationally and collaborates with intergovernmental organizations on measuring and communicating the economic value of peace.